Funded by the John Templeton Foundation, IMU released a report in 2008 called "Mathematics in Africa: Challenges and Opportunities" on the current state of mathematics in Africa and on opportunities for new initiatives to support mathematical development. This report can be downloaded here.
The CDC is currently issuing two reports on the state of mathematics in Latin America, selected countries in Asia as well as updating the report on the state of mathematics in Africa. The results are expected to be released by August 2014.
For useful links and online resources please go to the 'Useful Links" on the left side of this page.