IMU-Net 41: May 2010
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IMU-Net 41: May 2010

A Bimonthly Email Newsletter from the International Mathematical Union
Editor: Mireille Chaleyat-Maurel, University Paris Descartes, Paris, France

CONTENTS

1. Editorial
2. IMU on the Web
3. ICM 2010
4. Abel Prize 2010
5. Shaw Prize
6. A book on ICM's
7. Subscribing to IMU-Net

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1. EDITORIAL

The single most important event of the Union this year is, of
course our Congress in Hyderabad. But there is also an adjacent,
but different event of great importance: The General Assembly in
Bangalore on August 16 and 17, 2010.

The General Assembly meets once in every four years, traditionally
just before the Congress. It performs many tasks vital for the
functioning of the Union. Some of these are natural (and
traditional). The GA has to elect the new leadership, including
the next President, Vice Presidents, Secretary, and members of the
Executive Committee (EC). Candidates for these positions have been
found by the Nominating Committee, which is separate from the
Executive Committee, and was headed by our former President David
Mumford.

The other main body to be elected is the Commission for Developing
Countries (CDC). In this form, this is a new Commission, whose
charge is a combination of the charges of the former Commission for
Development and Exchanges (CDE) and the Developing Countries Strategy
Group. We hope that having a single commission to deal with all
issues in connection with developing countries makes the work more
efficient and decreases the possibility of important issues falling
between the cracks.

There are other items on the agenda which are traditional: among
others, the GA has to approve the site of the 2014 Congress, after
hearing a presentation by the proposed organizers from Seoul, Korea.
The EC will also report on successes (and also failures) in its
activities: new prizes, a new fundraising organization, new
memberships, cooperation with the International Commission on
Mathematical Instruction (ICMI), with UNESCO, and with other
organizations.

But I want to say more about one agenda item that is extremely
important: the establishment of a stable office. The last General
Assembly (Santiago de Compostela, 2006) charged the EC with looking
into the possibility of setting up such an office. It is natural to
be skeptical about this: after all, the IMU has functioned very well
over many years while staying as informal and un-bureaucratic as
possible, just having a small office where the Secretary is located.
But looking deeper into the issue made it clear that the charge by
the GA was justified. With stricter and stricter legislation
targeting money laundering and terrorism, it becomes more and more
difficult to move the office from one continent to another any time
a new Secretary is elected. There was also a pressing need to solve
the problem of secretarial help for CDC and ICMI.

Looking deeper into the issue also revealed that, unfortunately, the
finances of the Union do not allow the rental and staffing of a new
office. Therefore we turned to the community for help, based on the
idea that a larger research institute could, perhaps, find office
space and secretarial capacity to spare for the IMU.

The reply was overwhelming, and I must say I was moved by this
expression of support for the activities of IMU. We got 12 replies,
expressing serious interest in hosting the stable office. After one
round of discussions, we received six detailed proposals, all of
which were very generous and each of which could provide a solution.
After a lot of discussions, we selected three "finalists": in
alphabetical order, the Fields Institute in Toronto, Instituto
Nacional de Matemática Pura e Aplicada (IMPA) in Rio, and the
Weierstrass Institute for Applied Analysis and Stochastics (WIAS) in
Berlin. All three possible sites were visited by the "Stable Office
Committee" appointed by the EC. The EC did not want to decide between
these three outstanding offers, and will put it to the GA to decide
whether to establish a stable office and, after presentations by the
bidding institutions and by the Stable Office Committee, to select
the location.

Establishing our stable office, along with other important decisions
to be made by the GA, should provide proper conditions for the IMU to
fulfil its tasks in a world where mathematics plays an ever-increasing
role.

Laszlo Lovasz
President of IMU

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2. IMU ON THE WEB: EuDML PROJECT NEWS

In the light of mathematicians'reliance on their discipline’s rich
published heritage and the key role of mathematics in enabling other
scientific disciplines, the mathematical community has spent a huge
effort over more than a decade (1) toward making the significant corpus
of published mathematics scholarship available online, in the form of an
authoritative and enduring distributed digital collection: The
Digital Mathematics Library (DML).

While the initial idea of a centralized, worldwide initiative never
approached consensus on governance and funding, many national projects
led to the digitization of large quantities of mathematical literature,
many of those based in Europe. Some of these acquired as well new
material directly from their publishers, prefiguring building blocks of
a global virtual infrastructure for third-party preservation and wide
access to our mathematical heritage, as a natural extension of our
traditional paper libraries. (2)

Regarding supranational integration of these collections, a breakthrough
was achieved last year when the EuDML project obtained support from the
European Commission in the framework of the Information and
Communications Technologies Policy Support Programme. (3) EuDML will design
and build a collaborative digital library service that will collate the
mathematical content brought by 11 European partners and make it
accessible from a single platform, tightly integrated with relevant
infrastructures such as the Zentralblatt. As such, it will be the first
attempt toward a large-scale implementation of the DML, and is expected
to pave the way towards a truly inclusive and global DML. (4)

(1) For a history of the inception of the WDML project up to year 2004,
visit www.library.cornell.edu/dmlib/ .

(2) Two papers by Thierry Bouche (EuDML scientific coordinator) document
the activities and thoughts that took place in the period 2005-2009:

(a) "Toward a digital mathematics library?", chapter in the book
Communicating mathematics in the digital era (Jon Borwein, Eugénio
Rocha, and José Rodrigues eds.): AK Peters Ltd, 2008, p. 47-73.

(b) "Digital Mathematics Libraries: The Good, the Bad, the Ugly",
Mathematics in Computer Science v.3 (3), special issue on Authoring,
Digitalization and Management of Mathematical Knowledge (Serge
Autexier, Petr Sojka, and Masakazu Suzuki eds.) (May 2010),
p. 227-241.

(3) Administrative profile as viewed by the European Commission:

ec.europa.eu/information_society/apps/projects/factsheet/index.cfm

(4) The EuDML website is currently only describing the project's plans:
www.eudml.eu . It is expected to start to give access before
summer 2011, and to provide a running service with many innovative ways
of retrieving mathematical texts before the end of 2012.

Noteworthy Bits
1. The NIST Digital Library of Mathematical Functions has had its
formal launch. dlmf.nist.gov
In addition, a book updating the original has been published by
Cambridge University Press: NIST Handbook of Mathematical
Functions, Edited by Frank W. J. Olver, Daniel W. Lozier, Ronald F.
Boisvert, and Charles W. Clark ISBN-13: 9780521192255.

Dan Lozier introduces the work on this video,
www.youtube.com/watch;

2. There is a project hosted in Google called LaTeX-Labs,
code.google.com/p/latex-lab/
Here one will find links to a few other web-based LaTeX editors.

Thierry Bouche
Scientific coordinator of the EuDML project

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3. INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF MATHEMATICIANS (ICM 2010)

A) A general view
The year 2010 is significant for mathematics. It marks the centenary of the
founding of the Indian Mathematical Society, while a second mathematical
society - the Ramanujan Mathematical Society - will be celebrating its
Silver Jubilee. India will be hosting the International Congress of
Mathematicians (ICM) in Hyderabad during August 19-27, 2010. This is the
first time in more than hundred years of history of the ICMs that the
Congress will be held in India and only the third time in an Asian country
(the 1990 Congress was held in Kyoto and the 2002 Congress in Beijing).
Recent Congresses have had an attendance of around 3500 delegates. The
General Assembly of IMU will also meet in Bangalore during 16-17 August.

India has a long tradition of pursuit of mathematics. The recognition of
zero as a number and the place value system for representing numbers with
its use is an Indian innovation dating back to the early centuries of the
Christian era. India had also made progress in geometry contemporaneous
with the Greeks and even earlier. During the middle ages, India recorded
substantial achievements in algebra as well. Aryabhata and Brahmagupta
were mathematicians of the first rank. Madhava, a fourteenth century
mathematician from South West India had discovered the essentials of
calculus long before Newton and Leibniz. But all this was in an era when
science was pursued by isolated intellectuals with no serious impact on
the practical world.

India was among the participant countries in the meetings that led up to
the formation of the new IMU. Despite its role in the deliberations that
resulted in the formation of the new IMU, India became a member of the IMU
only in 1954 - two years after its inception. K Chandrasekharan, an
eminent Indian mathematician served with distinction on the Executive
Committee of the IMU for a period of twenty four consecutive years, five
of them as Secretary and four as President of the Union.

Among the exciting events that will take place on the sidelines of the
Congress will be a Classical Indian (Hindustani) Music Concert by the
renowned artist Rashid Khan, an Indian Dance-Drama (Bharata Natyam) by the
troupe Nrityashree (lead by Professor C V Chandrasekhar) and a play. Some
40 lucky delegates/accompanying persons will get the opportunity to play
chess against the current World Champion Grandmaster Vishy Anand. There
will be some public out-reach events also during the Congress. India, of
course, is a wonderful tourist destination catering to every taste and
interest.

One new feature of the Hyderabad Congress is that it will be preceded by
a 2-day meeting styled "International Congress of Women Mathematicians"
which will focus attention on women in mathematics. The initiative for
holding this comes from the organization "European Women in Mathematics".
This is the first meeting of its kind.

At Hyderabad, a new prize, the Chern Medal, named after S.S.Chern, a
towering figure in geometry in the twentieth century, is to be awarded for
the first time to an individual whose lifelong outstanding achievements in
mathematics warrant the highest level of recognition.

The Executive Organising Committee (EOC) of ICM is aware of the
importance of mathematics reaching out to the public. It would like to
recognize outstanding efforts made in that direction in a fitting manner.
Towards this end it has instituted a one-time international prize of
1,000,000/- (Indian) Rupees (approximately 20,000/- US Dollars) for
outstanding contribution to public outreach for mathematics by an
individual. The prize is to be announced and awarded at ICM in
Hyderabad, India.

B) Some practical information
The last date for registration at the "early bird" rate of Rs. 16,000
has been extended to May 31 midnight (Indian Standard Time =
GMT+0530). If you register after this date but before July 15, you
will have to pay Rs. 18,000.

A refund of the registration fee, less 15% of the fee paid, may be
obtained on cancellation if the same is effected before July 15.

The registration charges will be Rs. 22,000 after July 15 (please see
the table at www.icm2010.org.in/registration). No refunds will
be admissible after July 15.

Note that presentations of Posters/Short Communications will be allowed
only for those who have registered by May 15 (and made their submissions
by the last date given for the same).

For more, see:
www.icm2010.org.in

The Executive Organising Committee

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4. ABEL PRIZE 2010

The American mathematician John Torrence Tate, University of Texas at
Austin, has received the 2010 Abel Prize from His Majesty King Harald
at an award ceremony in Oslo, Norway, 25 May 2010. The Abel Prize
carries a cash award of NOK 6,000,000 (close to € 730,000 or US$ 1
mill.) is awarded by the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters.

For more see:
www.abelprisen.no/en/

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5. Shaw Prize

On May 27, the 2010 Shaw Prizes have been announced. The Prize in
Mathematical Sciences was awarded to Jean Bourgain, Institute for
Advanced Study, Princeton, USA for his profound work in mathematical
analysis and its application to partial differential equations,
mathematical physics, combinatorics, number theory, ergodic theory
and theoretical computer science. For more detail see
www.shawprize.org/en/shawprize2010/announcement/announcement.html

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6. A BOOK ON INTERNATIONAL CONGRESSES OF MATHEMATICIANS

"Mathematicians of the World Unite! The International Congress of
Mathematicians–A Human Endeavor"
Guillermo P. Curbera
AK Peters, 2009

This book contains valuable information about all
the international congresses that have taken place
so far.

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7. SUBSCRIBING TO IMU-NET

There are two ways of subscribing to IMU-Net:

1. Click on www.mathunion.org/IMU-Net with a Web browser and go
to the "Subscribe" button to subscribe to IMU-Net online.

2. Send an e-mail to imu-net-request@mathunion.org with the Subject-line:
Subject: subscribe

In both cases you will get an e-mail to confirm your subscription so
that misuse will be minimized. IMU will not use the list of IMU-Net
addresses for any purpose other than sending IMU-Net, and will not
make it available to others.

Previous issues can be seen at:
www.mathunion.org/imu-net/archive/

last updated: 2012-07-31