IMU-Net 70: March 2015
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IMU-Net 70: March 2015
A Bimonthly Email Newsletter from the International Mathematical Union
Editor: Mireille Chaleyat-Maurel, University Paris Descartes, Paris, France


Editorial

Many mathematicians will be surprised to know how much planning is
needed to prepare an ICM. In the case of Seoul congress, it took seven
years after the launching of a bidding committee in June, 2007. The
bidding proposal was submitted in late 2008 followed by an IMU site
committee’s visit and IMU executive committee’s considerations. After
the proposal was finally approved at the Bangalore General Assembly in
2010, the congress actually took place in Seoul during Aug 13~21, 2014.
Among the many things that happened during the preparation of the
congress, one thing worth mentioning is that, in 2013, the National
Assembly (i.e. Korean parliament) of Korea adopted a resolution in
support of SEOUL ICM. This helped to expose the congress to the
general public, and will be an asset for future communications between
mathematical community and the society.
Of course, no events occur without small problems here and there. A
major problem during the last days of preparations was public fear
related to Ebola epidemic. And then there was a Fields medal issue.
Nothing academic, but literally physical. Because the medals were made
of gold, they could not be just taken in because of import tax
complications. Oh, well, big or small, these problems had to be
addressed in one way or another.
An unprecedented scene was presented during the awarding ceremony when
the host (the President of IMU), the awarder (the President of Korea)
and the awardee were all females. We made special efforts to promptly
make all the lectures viewable on the internet during and after the
congress. I know of a well-known mathematician who could not come to
Seoul but watched the UTUBE videos and wrote on his well-followed
blogs about some of the lectures.
With a total of 5,217 registrants from 122 countries, Seoul ICM set a
new record. An important feature of Seoul ICM was that it not only
served as an academic event for scholars but that an extended
participation of the general public was realized through cultural
programs. The Opening Ceremony was broadcasted live by a TV station,
and more than 1,500 domestic media coverages were made during the
Congress, reflecting the excitement and heated interest of the general
public. Various public programs, held with an aim of popularizing
mathematics, attracted 21,227 people during the congress. The record
of a total of 27,359 participants at Seoul ICM will be remembered for
many years ahead. Korean government issued Seoul ICM commemorative
stamps featuring “the Pythagorean theorem,” “Euler’s theorem giving
necessary and sufficient conditions for a graph to have an Eulerian
tour,” and “Pascal’s Triangle”.
A very important component of the congress was its corps of
volunteers. We considered them as future supporters of mathematics,
and designed the volunteer program as an educational process rather
than a source of laborers. We selected 280 volunteers among more than
700 applications. The mandatory volunteer training program not only
consisted of logistic matters but also included lectures by renowned
mathematicians on modern mathematics. All volunteers served until the
end of the congress without dropouts, and some of them are already
discussing how to save money to attend the Rio congress. We believe
that this enthusiasm is no less than any success we may have
accomplished.
Hyungju Park
Ordinary member of the Executive Committee of IMU

IMU Media Platform

The IMU is now providing a Media Platform, see
www.mathunion.org/Publications/historic-material/
This project is aimed at setting up a collection of photographs
relevant for IMU and the mathematics community at large. The IMU is
providing the platform for use by members who all have free access to
upload, search and download photographs. Registration is free and open
to all. Uploaded photos are screened prior to publication.
The regulations governing the use of the platform and the instructions
on how to use it are contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use for
the Platform:
Terms_and_Conditions_of_Use_for_the_Platform
as well as the Licence Agreement between Right Holders and Users:
Licence_Agreement_between_Rights_Holders_and_Users_for_Editorial_Purposes

You are invited to contribute to this photo collection. Become a
member of the IMU Media Platform and share photos that you think are
of interest to the mathematical community.
Please advertise the IMU Media Platform to your colleagues.

CEIC Notes and Comments: Changing the guard

Like other Committees of the International Mathematical Union, the Committee
on Electronic Information and Communication (CEIC) entered a new life in 2015.
We bade farewell to Laszlo Lovasz, who had been our link to the IMU Executive
for the past four years, and to Peter Olver, who had been our chair for the
past four years.
Peter's chairmanship culminated in the organising of no less than three panels
at the 2014 International Congress: "Mathematical Massive Open Online
Courses", "The Future of Mathematical Publishing" and "The World Digital
Mathematics Library" (WDML). All three were packed (in a 200-seater meeting)
and were expertly captured on video by the local team - many thanks. All have
posted various resources, and two have formal proceedings and have started
blogs. For information on all of these, see
http://www.mathunion.org/ceic/resources/icm-2014-panels/.
As new members, we welcomed Ingrid Daubechies, who will be our link to the IMU
Executive. The ordinary new members are Patrick Ion of Mathematical Reviews,
Victoria Stodden of the University of Illinois and Masakazu Suzuki of Kyushu
University and the Infty Reader project. The new CEIC met at the IMU
Headquarters in Berlin 21-22 March 2015, and all three were excellent
contributors.
Patrick is chairing the "Group of 8", known as the GDML Working Group, who are
taking forward the WDML activities described in the panel/blog mentioned
above. The CEIC meeting in Berlin heard a heartening update on the progress
on three fronts: structure, content and tools, and doubtless more will be
appearing in this column over the next months and years.
Victoria is leading our efforts to update our (excellent and influential)
document "Copyright Recommendations", see
http://www.mathunion.org/fileadmin/CEIC/Publications/Copyright_Recommendations.pdf

which dates from 2001. Much has apparently changed since then, notably as
funders, led by the NSF and followed by many others, have started to insiston
Open Access copies of works coming out from research they fund, and publishers
practices have changed to match. However, publishers practices have changed
less than the casual reader might think, and the "right to comply with funders'
obligations" is not the same as the "right to do what one likes with the text
one has laboriously worked on for ages". The need for care and vigilance isas
great now as it was in 2001, but the details have changed significantly.
Masakazu is an expert on accessibility, particularly via his famous Infty
Reader for PDF documents. Having had blind students myself, I see this as an
area where a great deal more work needs to be done, both in terms of tools and
in terms of general awareness, and I look forward to his contributions.
In addition to these initiatives, Olga Caprotti continues to maintain our
links to the ICSU World Data System, whose goals are to preserve quality
assured scientific data and information, to facilitate open access, and
promote the adoption of standards. In those areas of mathematics where
publications can be underpinned by computations and data, it is important to
preserve these and make them accessible, and this liaison helps do that, and
prevents the mathematical community from re-inventing the wheel.
James Davenport
Incoming CEIC Chair.

Breakout Graduate fellowships

Simon Donaldson, Maxim Kontsevich, Jacob Lurie, Terence Tao and
Richard Taylor are the five inaugural Mathematics Breakthrough Prize
winners in 2014. They have donated each USD 100,000 to the IMU/CDC to
endow a fund that will award "Breakout Graduate fellowships" to
mathematics graduate students from and in the developing world. The
"Breakout Graduate Fellowships” program was announced by the IMU
President, Ingrid Daubechies, on August 12 in Seoul, Korea, at the
symposium titled, “Mathematics in Emerging Nations: Achievements and
Opportunities (MENAO).”
More information at http://www.mathunion.org/cdc/about-cdc/news-and-events/

Call for suggestions for an IMU application to ICSU

IMU is calling for suggestions for applications to the ICSU 2016 grant
program. Grants are up to 30,000 Euros. It is recommended that
projects meet some of the following criteria:
1. The project fits within one of ICSU's priorities:
a) Science and Technology for Sustainable Development
b) Capacity Building and Science Education
c) Dissemination of Data and/or Information from Science and Technology
d) Emerging Science -- Creation of New Knowledge.
(see
http://www.icsu.org/publications/reports-and-reviews/icsu-strategic-plan-2012-2017
for ICSU Strategic Plan)
The proposed activity should take place between January 1st 2016 and
September 30 2017.
2. The project involves at least one other scientific union inside ICSU.
3. The project has some capacity building objective in one of the ICSU
regional offices: ROLAC (Latin America and the Caribbean), ROA
(Africa), ROAP (Asia Pacific).
A one page letter of intention should be sent by June 15 2015 to
Christiane Rousseau: rousseac(at)dms.umontreal.ca

News from ICSU


FUTURE EARTH is the flagship program of the International Council of
Science (ICSU) together with the International Social Science Council
(ISSC): it is a global research platform providing the knowledge and
support to accelerate our transformations to a sustainable world.
Bringing together and in partnership with existing programmes on
global environmental change, Future Earth will be an international hub
to coordinate new, interdisciplinary approaches to research on three
themes: Dynamic Planet, Global Sustainable Development and
Transformations towards Sustainability. Mathematics has an essential
role to play in each of these themes as highlighted by the
international year "Mathematics of planet Earth 2013". It is not new
that mathematicians are interested in these subjects. But coordinating
with Future Earth could lead to enlarging the research directions.
Global change is accelerating, with potential increase of extreme
events and consequences on agriculture production; meanwhile, mankind
is already using the resources of the planet in an unsustainable way,
and the still increasing world population may pass the threshold where
the resources of the planet can no more suffice. Future Earth
programmes are focused on mitigation of global change and adaptation
of the population to the changing environment. In particular, ICSU and
Future Earth are committed that science interacts effectively with
policy-making processes, and mathematical sciences should be part of
the needed expertise for decision making.
IMU application to the ICSU grant program 2015 has been successful,
and IMU will co-organize a "Workshop on Global change impact on
diseases and alien species" that will take place in AIMS (Cape Town,
South Africa) in beginning of May 2016. One partner in this program is
the research program ecoHEALTH of Future Earth. More information on
this workshop in a coming issue of IMU-Net.

Abel Prize 2015

The Norwegian Academy of Sciences and Letters has decided to award the Abel
Prize for 2015 to the American mathematicians John F. Nash Jr. and Louis
Nirenberg “for striking and seminal contributions to the theory of nonlinear
partial differential equations and its applications to geometric analysis.”
The President of the Academy, Kirsti Strøm Bull, announced the new laureates
on 25 March. They will receive the Abel Prize from His Majesty King Harald
at a ceremony in Oslo on 19 May.
John F. Nash Jr., aged 86, spent his career at Princeton University and the
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Louis Nirenberg, aged 90, worked at New
York University’s Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences. Even though
they did not formally collaborate on any papers, they influenced each other
greatly during the 1950s. The results of their work are felt more strongly
today than ever before.
For more information please consult the Abel Prize website
www.abelprize.no (English).
The IMU congratulates John Nash and Louis Nirenberg on receiving this
well-deserved award!

Wolf Prize in Mathematics 2015

James G. Arthur (University of Toronto, Canada) is the winner of Wolf
Prize in Mathematics for his monumental work on the trace formula and
his fundamental contributions to the theory of automorphic
representations of reductive groups.
www.wolffund.org.il

MCA (Mathematical Congress of the America) 2017

Following the very successful first Mathematical Congress of the
Americas, MCA-2013 in Guanajuato, the second such Congress, MCA-2017,
will take place in Montreal (Canada) on July 23-28, 2017. The
confirmed plenary speakers are
• Shafrira Goldwasser (MIT, USA)
• Manuel del Pino (Universidad de Chile)
• Andrew Granville (Université de Montréal, Canada)
• Peter Ozsvath (Princeton University, USA)
• Yuval Peres (Microsoft Research, USA)
The Congress is organized under the auspices of the Mathematical
Council of the Americas where more details are to be seen at
http://www.mcofamericas.org.

Ibni Oumar Mahamat Saleh Prize for 2014

The Ibni Oumar Mahamat Saleh Prize for 2014 is awarded to David Jaurès
Fotsa Mbogne (Cameroon). It will enable him to visit INRIA at
Grenoble, France, in the framework of his PhD.
The Prize "Ibni Oumar Mahamat Saleh" is awarded to a student of an
institution of Central Africa or West Africa, in mathematics or
statistics, at the graduate or post-graduate level, to benefit from a
scientific training in a country other than his/her own.
For more information
smf4.emath.fr/en/PrixIbni/

Nomination to the Scientific Board of the International Basic Sciences Programme of UNESCO

Professor Christiane Rousseau (Montréal, Canada), member of the IMU
Executive Committee, has been nominated at the Scientific Board of the
International Basic Sciences Programme of UNESCO for 2015-2017.
See:
www.unesco.org/new/en/natural-sciences/science-technology/basic-sciences/international-basic-sciences-programme/

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last updated: 2015-03-31