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Ai, X. (2002) Gender differences in growth in mathematics achievement: Three-level longitudinal and multilevel analyses of individual, home and school influence, Mathematical Thinking and Learning , 4 : 1- 22.

Applebaum, P. M. (1995) Popular Culture, Educational Discourse and Mathematics ( Albany : State University of New York Press).

Atweh, B. and Cooper , T. (1995) The construction of gender, social class and mathematics in the classroom, Educational Studies in Mathematics , 28 : 293 -310.

Atweh, B., Forgasz, H. & Nebres, B. (Eds.) (2001) Sociocultural Research on Mathematics Education: An International Perspective ( Mahwah , NJ : Lawrence Erlbaum Assoc.).

Barnes , M. (2000) Effects of dominant and subordinate masculinities on interactions in a collaborative learning classroom, in J. Boaler (ed.) Multiple perspectives on mathematics teaching and learning ( Westport , CT : Ablex publishing).

Barnes , M. S. (1988) Mathematics: a barrier for women? in B. Caine , E. A. Grosz and M. de Lepervanche (Eds.) Crossing boundaries: Feminisms and the critique of knowledges ( Sydney : Allen & Unwin).

Barnes , M. S. (1989) A rescue operation, in G. C. Leder and S. Sampson (Eds.) Educating girls: Practice and research ( Sydney : Allen & Unwin).

Barnes , M. S. (1994) Investigating change: A gender-inclusive course in calculus, Zentralblatt für Didaktik der Mathematik , 94 : 49-54.

Barnes , M. S. (1995) The interaction of gender, mathematics and technology: Two viewpoints from the classroom, in S. Groves and R. Tytler (Eds.) Contemporary Approaches to Research in Mathematics and Science Education ( Geelong : Centre for Studies in Mathematics, Science and Environmental Education, Deakin University ).

Barnes , M. S. (1996) Gender and mathematics: Shifting the focus. Focus on Learning Problems in Mathematics , 18 (1, 2 &3): 88-96.

Barnes, M. S. (1997) Classroom views of gender differences, in B. Doig and J. Lokan (Eds.), Learning from children: Mathematics from a classroom perspective (Melbourne: ACER Press).

Barnes , M. S. , & Horne , M. (1996). Gender and mathematics. In B. Atweh , K. Owens , & P. Sullivan (Eds.), Research in Mathematics Education in Australasia 1992-95 (pp. 51-87). Sydney , NSW: Mathematics Education Research Group of Australasia Inc.

(Note: MERGA produces this review of research every four years, always with a chapter on gender. See also Leder & Forgasz, 1992, Forgasz, Leder & Vale, 2000, Vale, Forgasz & Horne, 2004.)

Battista, M. (1990) Spatial Visualization and Gender Differences in High School Geometry, Journal for Research in Mathematic Education , 21(1): 47-60.

Becker , J. R. (1996). Research on Gender & Mathematics: One Feminist Perspective. Focus on Learning Problems in Mathematics , 18(1,2 & 3): 19-25.

Boaler, J. (1994) When do girls prefer football to fashion? An analysis of female underachievement in relation to "realistic" mathematics contexts, British Educational Research Journal , 20(5): 551-64.

Boaler, J. (1997) Experiencing school mathematics: teaching styles, sex and setting . ( Buckingham : Open University Press). Revised and expanded Edition (2002) ( Mahwah , NJ : Lawrence Erlbaum Assoc).

Boaler, J. (1997) Reclaiming school mathematics: the girls fight back, Gender and Education , 9 (3), 285-305.

Boaler, J. (2002). Paying the Price for "Sugar and Spice": Shifting the Analytical Lens in Equity Research. Mathematical Thinking and Learning , 4(2&3): 127-144.

Boaler, J. (2008), Promoting "relational equity" and high mathematics achievement through an innovative mixed-ability approach, British Educational Research Journal, 34, (2), 167–194.

Boaler, J. (2008), What's Math Got to Do With It? Helping Children Learn to Love Their Least Favorite Subject - and Why It's Important for America. (Viking/Penguin)

Bohlin, C. F. (1994) Learning Style Factors and Mathematics Performance: Sex-Related Differences, International Journal of Educational Research , 21( 4): 387-398.

Beller, M. and Gafni, N. (2000) Can item format (multiple choice vs. open-ended) account for gender differences in mathematics achievement? Sex Roles, 42(1-2): 1-21.

Benbow, C. P. and Stanley , J. C. (1980) Sex Differences in Mathematical Ability: Fact or Artifact? Science , 210: 1262-1264.

Boekaerts, M. and Seger, G. (1996) Gender-related differences in self refernced cognitions in relation to mathematics, Journal for Research in Mathematics Education , 27(2): 215-40.

Brandell, Gerd and Staberg, Else-Marie (2008) Mathematics: a female, male or gender-neutral domain? A study of attitudes among students at secondary level, Gender and Education, 20(5): 495-510

Brew, C. (2001) Women, mathematics and epistemology: an integrated framework, International Journal of Inclusive Education , 5(1): 15-32.

Burton , L. (ed.) (1986) Girls into maths can go ( London : Cassell).

Burton , L. (ed.) (1990) Gender and mathematics: an international perspective . ( London : Cassell).

Burton , L. (1996). A socially just pedagogy for the teaching of mathematics, in: P. Murphy & C. Gipps (Eds) Equity in the classroom: towards effective pedagogy for girls and boys ( London , Falmer).

Burton , L. (1999) Fables: the tortoise, the hare, the mathematically underachieving male? Gender and Education , 11 (4): 413-426.

Burton , L. (ed.) (2003) Which way social justice for mathematics education? ( Westport , Connecticut / London : Praeger).

Burton , L. (2004) Mathematicians as enquirers: learning about learning mathematics ( Dordrecht : Kluwer Academic Publishers).

Burton , L., Drake, P., Ekins, J., Graham , L., Taplin, M. and Weiner, G. (1986) Girls into Mathematics ( Cambridge : Cambridge University Press).

Buxton, L. (1981) Do you panic about maths? Coping with maths anxiety (London, Heinemann).

Byrne, E. (1993) Women and science: the snark syndrome ( London , Falmer).

Campbell , M. A. and Campbell-Wright, R. K. (1995) Towards a feminist algebra, in S. V. Rossen (Ed.) Teaching the majority: Breaking the gender barrier in science, mathematics, and engineering ( New York : Teachers College).

Casey, M. B., Nuttall, R. and Pezaris, E. (2001) Spatial-mechanical reasoning skills versus mathematics self-confidence as mediators of gender differences on mathematics subtests using cross-national gender biased items, Journal for Research in Mathematics Education , 32(1): 28-57.

Catsambis, S. (1994) The Path to Math: Gender and Racial-Ethnic Differences in Mathematics Participation from Middle School to High School, Sociology of Education , 67: 199-215 .

Collis, B. (1987) Sex Differences in the Association between Secondary School Students' Attitudes toward Mathematics and toward Computers, Journal for Research in Mathematic Education , 18(5): 394-402.

Cooper , S. E. and Robinson , D. A. (1989) The Influence of Gender and Anxiety on Mathematics Performance. Journal of College Student Development , 30( 5): 459-461.

Damarin, S. (2000) The mathematically able as a marked category, Gender and Education , 12(1): 69-85.

Davenport , J., Ernest C. , Davison, M. L. , Kuang, H., Ding, S., Kim , S.-K. and Kwak, N. (1998) High School Mathematics Course-Taking by Gender and Ethnicity. American Educational Research Journal , 35(3): 497-514.

Dunne , M. and Johnston , J. (1994) Research in gender and mathematics education: the production of difference, in P. Ernest (ed.) Mathematics, education and philosophy: an international perspective ( London : Falmer).

de Freitas, E. (2008) Mathematics and its other: (dis)locating the feminine, Gender and Education, 20, (3), 281–290

Dweck, C. S. (1986) Motivational Processes Affecting Learning. American Psychologist (Special Issue: Psychological science and education) , 41(10 ): 1040-1048.

Dweck, C. S. , Goetz, T. E. , & Strauss , N. L. (1980) Sex Differences in Learned Helplessness: Iv. An Experimental and Naturalistic Study of Failure Generalization and Its Mediators. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology , 38( 3): 441-452.

Ethington, C. A. (1990) Gender differences in mathematics: An international perspective, Journal for Research in Mathematics Education , 21: 74-80.

Ethington, C. A. (1992) Gender differences in a psychological model of mathematics achievement, Journal for Research in Mathematics Education , 23: 166 -181.

Felson, R. B. and Trudeau , L. (1991) Gender Differences in Mathematics Performance, Social Psychology Quarterly , 54(2): 113-126.

Fennema, E. (1996) Scholarship, gender and mathematics, in P. Murphy & C. Gipps (Eds) Equity in the classroom: towards effective pedagogy for girls and boys ( London , Falmer).

Fennema, E. & Leder, G.C. (Eds) (1990) Mathematics and Gender ( New York : Teachers College Press).

Fennema, E. and Carpenter, T. (1998) New Perspectives on Gender Differences in Mathematics: An Introduction, Educational Researcher , 27(5): 4- 5.

Fennema, E., Carpenter, T. P. , Jacobs , V. R. , Franke, M. L. and Levi , L. W. (1998) A longitudinal study of gender differences in young children's mathematical thinking. Educational Researcher , 27(5): 6-11.

Fennema, E., Carpenter, T. P. , Jacobs , V. R. , Franke, M. L. and Levi , L. W. (1998) New perspectives on gender differences in mathematics: A reprise. Educational Researcher , 27(5): 19-21.

Fennema, E. and Sherman , J. (1977) Sex-Related Differences in Mathematics Achievement: Spatial Visualization and Affective Factors, American Educational Research Journal , 14: 51 -71 .

Fennema, E. and Sherman , J. (1978) Sex-Related Differences in Mathematics Achievement and Related Factors: A Further Study, Journal for Research in Mathematics Education , 9: 189-203.

Ferrini-Mundy, J. (1987) Spatial Training for Calculus Students: Sex Differences in Achievement and in Visualization Ability, Journal for Research in Mathematics Education , 18(2): 126 -140.

FitzSimons, G. E. (1997) Gender issues in adult and vocational mathematics education, Mathematics Education Research Journal, 9 (3) 292-311.

Forgasz, H. (1994) Society and Gender Equity in Mathematics Education ( Geelong , Vic : Deakin University ).

Forgasz, H. J. (1995) Gender and the relationship between affective beliefs and perceptions of Grade 7 mathematics classroom learning environments, Educational Studies in Mathematics , 28: 219 -239.

Forgasz, H. J. and Leder, G. C. (1996) Mathematics classrooms, gender and affect. Mathematics Education Research Journal , 8: 153-173.

Forgasz, H. J. and Leder, G. C. (1996) Mathematics and English: Stereotyped domains? Focus on Learning Problems in Mathematics , 18: 129-137.

Forgasz, H. J. , Leder, G. C. , & Gardner , P. L. (1999) The Fennema-Sherman Mathematics as a Male Domain scale re-examined, Journal for Research in Mathematics Education , 30: 342-348.

Forgasz, H. J., Leder, G. C. and Vale, C. (2000) Gender and mathematics: Changing perspectives, in K. Owens and J. A. Mousley (Eds.), Research in Mathematics Education in Australasia 1996-1999 (Sydney: MERGA).

Forgasz, H. J. , & Leder, G. C. (2001). The Victorian Certificate of Education-a gendered affair? Australian Educational Researcher, 28 (2), 53-66.

Frankenstein, M. (1990) Incorporating Race, Gender, and Class Issues into a Critical Mathematical Literacy Curriculum, Journal of Negro Education , 59(3 ): 336-347.

Fullarton, S. (1993) Confidence in mathematics: The effects of gender ( Geelong : Deakin University National Centre for Research and Development in Mathematics Education).

Grevholm, B. and Hanna , G. (Eds) (1995) Gender and Mathematics Education: An ICMI study in Stiftsgården Åkersberg , Höör , Sweden 1993 ( Lund : Lund University Press).

Goulding, M. (1995) GCSE coursework in mathematics: teachers' perspectives and the performance of girls, Evaluation and research in education , 9(3).

Hanna , G. (1986) Sex Differences in the Mathematics Achievement of Eighth Graders in Ontario , Journal for Research in Mathematic Education , 17( 3): 231-237.

Hanna , G. ( Ed ) (1996) Towards gender equity in mathematics education: an ICMI study ( Dordrecht : Kluwer Academic Publishers).

Harris , M. (1997) Common threads: women, mathematics and work ( Stoke-on-Trent : Trentham Books).

Hart, L. E. (1989) Classroom Processes, Sex of Student, and Confidence in Learning Mathematics, Journal for Research in Mathematics Education , 20( 3): 242-260.

Head, J . (1996) Gender identity and cognitive style, in P. F. Murphy and C. V. Gipps (Eds) Equity in the classroom: Towards effective pedagogy for girls and boys ( London : Falmer).

Herzig, A. H. (2002) Where have all the students gone? Participation of doctoral students in authentic mathematical activity as a necessary condition for persistence toward the PhD. Educational Studies in Mathematics , 50(2): 177-212.

Herzig, A.H. (2004). "Slaughtering this Beautiful Math": Graduate Women Choosing and Leaving Mathematics. Gender and Education , 16(3): 379-395.

Hyde , J. S. (1993) Gender Differences in Mathematics Ability, Anxiety and Attitudes: What Do Meta-Analyses Tell Us? in L. A. Penner, G. M. Batsche , H. A. Knoff and D. L. Nelson (Eds) The Challenge in Mathematics and Science Education: Psychology's Response ( Washington DC : American Psychological Association).

Hyde , J. S. , Fennema, E. and Lamon, S. (1990) Gender Differences in Mathematics Performance: A Meta-Analysis, Psychological Bulletin , 107 (2): 139-155.

Hyde , J. S. , Fennema, E., Ryan , M., Frost, L. A. and Hopp, C. (1990) Gender comparisons of mathematics attitudes and affect: A meta-analysis. Psychology of Women Quarterly , 14: 299 -324.

Jacobs , J. E. (1994 ) Feminist pedagogy and mathematics, Zentralblatt für Didaktik der Mathematik , 26(1): 12 -17.

Jacobs , J. and Eccles , J. (1985) Gender Differences in Math Ability: The Impact of Media Reports on Parents, Educational Researcher , March: 20-25.

Jones, L. and Smart, T. (1995) Confidence and mathematics: a gender issue, Gender and Education , 7(2): 157-66.

Jungwirth, H. (1991) Interaction and Gender: Findings of a Microethnographical Approach to Classroom Discourse, Educational Studies in Mathematics , 22: 263 -284.

Jungwirth, H. (1993) Reflections on the foundations of research on women and mathematics, in S. Restivo, J. P. Van Bendegem and R. Fischer (Eds) Math worlds: philosophical and social studies of mathematics and mathematics education (Albany: State University of New York Press).

Kaiser , G. and Rogers , P. (Eds) (1995) Equity in Mathematics Education: Influences of Feminism and Culture ( London : Falmer).

Keitel , C. (Ed.) (1998) Social Justice and Mathematics Education: Gender, Class, Ethnicity and the Politics of Schooling ( Berlin : Freie Universitat ).

Kelly , B. (1995) The four-component system: A nontechnological learning environment where women count, in S. V. Rossen ( ed ), Teaching the majority: Breaking the gender barrier in science, mathematics, and engineering ( New York : Teachers College).

Kenway, J. (1993) Non-traditional pathways: Are they the way to the future? In J. Blackmore & J. Kenway (Eds), Gender matters in educational administration and policy ( London : Falmer Press).

Kimball , M. (1989) A new perspective on women's math achievement, Psychological Bulletin , 105: 198-214.

Kitchen, A. (1999) The changing profile of entrants to mathematics at A level and to mathematical subjects in higher education, British Educational Research Journal, 25(1): 57-64.

Lamb, S. (1996) Gender differences in mathematics participation in Australian schools: some relationships with social class and school policy. British Educational Research Journal, 22 , 223-240.

Leder, G. C. (1992) Mathematics and gender: changing perspectives, in D. A. Grouws (ed.) Handbook of research on mathematics teaching and learning ( New York : Macmillan ).

Leder, G. C. , & Forgasz, H. J. (1992) Gender: A critical variable in mathematics education. In B. Atweh & J. M. Watson (Eds.), Research in mathematics education in Australasia : 1988-1991 (pp. pp. 67-95). Brisbane : Mathematics Education Research Group of Australasia Inc.

Leder, G. C., Forgasz, H. J. and Solar, C. (1996) Research and intervention programs in mathematics education: A gendered issue, in A. J. Bishop, M. A. Clements, C. Keitel, J. Kilpatrick and C. Laborde (Eds), International handbook of mathematics education (Dordrecht: Kluwer).

Leder, G. C. , Brew, C. and Rowley, G. (1999) Gender differences in mathematics achievement-here today and gone tomorrow? in: G. Kaiser, E. Luna and I. Huntley (Eds.) International comparisons in mathematics education ( London : Falmer).

Linn, M. and Kessel, C. (1996) Success in mathematics: Increasing talent and gender diversity, in A. H. Schoenfeld, E. Dubinsky, & J. J. Kaput (Eds), Research in Collegiate Mathematics Education (Providence, RI: American Mathematical Society).

Lyons , M., Lynch, K., Close, S., Sheerin, E. & Boland, P. (2003) Inside Classrooms: The Teaching and Learning of Mathematics in Social Context ( Dublin : The Institute of Public Administration).

McGuiness, D. (1993) Gender Differences in Cognitive Style: Implications for Mathematics Performance and Achievement, in L. A. Penner, G. M. Batsche, H. A. Knoff and D. L. Nelson (Eds.) The Challenge in Mathematics and Science Education: Psychology's Response (Washington DC: American Psychological Association).

Meece, J. L and Jones, M. G. (1996) Gender differences in motivation and strategy in science: Are girls rote learners? Journal of Research in Science Teaching , 33: 393-406.

Mendick, H. (2005) A beautiful myth? The gendering of being /doing 'good at maths', Gender and Education , 17 (2): 89-105.

Mendick, H. (2005) Mathematical stories: why do more boys than girls choose to study mathematics at AS-level in England ? British Journal of Sociology of Education , 26 (2): 225-241.

Mendick, H. (2005) Only connect: troubling oppositions in gender and mathematics, International Journal of Inclusive Education , 9(2): 161-180.

Mendick, H. (2006) Masculinities in mathematics ( Maidenhead : Open University Press (McGraw-Hill Education)).

Mendick, H., Moreau, M. and Hollingworth, S. (2008) Mathematical images and gender identities, UKRC Research Briefing No. 6, downloadable from

Moore , E. G. J. and Smith, A. W. (1987) Sex and Ethnic Group Differences in Mathematics Achievement: Results from the National Longitudinal Study, Journal for Research in Mathematic Education , 18 (1): 25-36.

Morrow, C. & Perl, T. (Eds) (1998) Notable Women in Mathematics ( Westport , Conn : Greenwood Press)

Mura, R. (1987) Sex-Related Differences in Expectations of Success in Undergraduate Mathematics. Journal for Research in Mathematic Education , 18 (1): 15-24.

Murray , M.A.M. (2001) Women Becoming Mathematicians ( Cambridge , Mass: MIT Press).

Paechter, C. (2001) Gender, reason and emotion in secondary mathematics classrooms, in P. Gates (ed.) Issues in mathematics teaching . London : RoutledgeFalmer.

Parker, L., Rennie, L. and Fraser , B. (Eds), Gender, Science and Mathematics: Shortening the Shadow ( Dordrecht : Kluwer).

Picker, S. H. & Berry, J. S. (2000) Investigating pupils' images of mathematicians, Educational Studies in Mathematics , 43 (1): 65-94.

Povey, H. (1998) 'That spark from heaven' or 'of the earth': girls and boys learning mathematics, in A. Clark and E. Millard (Eds) Gender in the secondary curriculum: balancing the books ( London : Routledge).

Povey, H. and Angier, C.(2006) 'Storying Joanne, an undergraduate mathematician' in Gender and Education Vol 18, No 5, p459-471

Reyes , L. H. and Stanic, G. M. A. (1988) Race, Sex, Socioeconomic Status, and Mathematics, Journal for Research in Mathematic Education , 19(1): 26-43.

Rodd, M. and Bartholomew , H. (2006) Invisible and Special: young women's experiences as undergraduate mathematics students, Gender and Education , 18(1): 35-50.

Secada, W. G., Fennema, E. & Adajian, L. B. (Eds) (1995) New directions for equity in mathematics education ( Cambridge : Cambridge University Press).

Seegers , G. and Boekaerts, M. (1996) Gender-Related Differences in Self-Referenced Cognitions in Relation to Mathematics. Journal for Research in Mathematic Education , 27 (2): 215-240.

Smith, S. E. , & Walker , W. J. (1988) Sex Differences on New York State Regents Examinations: Support for the Differential Course-Taking Hypothesis. Journal for Research in Mathematic Education , 19 (1): 81-85.

Solomon, Y. (2008) Mathematical Literacy (New York and London:Routledge/Taylor and Francis)

Solomon, Y. & Black, L. (2008) Learning to talk and talking to learn in the mathematics classroom, in N. Mercer and S. Hodgkinson (eds) Exploring Talk in School: Inspired by the Work of Douglas Barnes (London: Sage).

Solomon, Y. (2007) Experiencing mathematics classes: ability grouping, gender and the selective development of participative identities, International Journal of Educational Research, 46:1/2. 8-19

Stage, F. (1997) Reframing research, informing policy: another view of women in the mathematics/science pipeline, in: C. Marshall (ed.) Feminist critical policy analysis: a perspective from post secondary education ( London : Falmer).

Stewart , A. J. (2002) Mathematics, Gender, and Generation:The Development of Women Mathematicians in the Postwar Period, Human Development , 45: 441-5.

Stobart, G., Elwood, J., Hayden , M., White, J. and Mason , K. (1992) Differential Performance in Examinations at 16+: English and Mathematics ( London , UK : School Examinations and Assessment Council).

Stobart, G., Elwood, J. and Quinlan, M. (1992) Gender Bias in Examinations: How Equal Are the Opportunities? British Educational Research Journal , 18( 3): 261-276.

Summers, A. (2003) The End of Equality: Work, Babies and Women's Choices in 21 st Century Australia (Milson's Point, NSW: Random House Australia).

Tate , W. (1997). Race-Ethnicity, Ses, Gender and Language Proficiency Trends in Mathematics Achievement: An Update. Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 28 (652-679).

Tiedemann, J. (2000) Gender-related beliefs of teachers in elementary school mathematics, Journal for Research in Mathematics Education , 41: 191-207.

Tobias, S. (1978) Overcoming math anxiety (New York: W. W. Norton & Company).

Undheim, J. O. and Nordvik, H. (1992) Socio-Economic Factors and Sex Differences in an Egalitarian Educational System: Academic Achievement in 16-Year-Old Norwegian Students, Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research , 36( 2): 87-98.

Vale, C., Forgasz, H. J. and Horne, M. (2004) Gender and mathematics, in B. Perry, G. Anthony and C. Diezmann (Eds) Research in mathematics education in Australasia 2000-2003 (Flaxton, Qld: Post Pressed).

Van de gaer, E., Pustjens, H., Van Damme, J. and De Munter, A. (2004) Effects of single-sex versus co-educational classes and schools on gender differences in progress in language and mathematics achievement, British Journal of Sociology of Education , 25(3): 307-22.

Walkerdine, V. (1988) The mastery of reason: cognitive development and the production of rationality (London: Routledge).

Walkerdine, V. (1998) Counting girls out . (2 nd edition) London: Falmer.

Walshaw, M. (2000) The emporer(ess)'s new clothes: deconstruting gendered constructions within MiNZC, New Zealand Journal of Educational Studies , 35 (2): 145-155.

Walshaw, M. (2001) A Foucauldian gaze on gender research: what do you do when confronted with the tunnel at the end of the light? Journal for Research in Mathematics Education , 32(5): 471-92.

Walshaw, M. (2005) Getting political and unravelling layers of gendered mathematical identifications, in Cambridge Journal of Education , 35(1): 19-34.

Watt, H. and Bornholt, L. J. (1994) Gendered perceptions of talent and planned participation in mathematics, Australian Journal of Career Development , 3( 3): 43-50.

Wertheim, M. (1997) Pythagoras' Trousers: God, physics, and the gender wars (London: Fourth Estate).

Willis, S. (1989) 'Real girls don't do maths': Gender and the construction of privilege (Geelong, Victoria: Deakin University Press).

Willis, S. (1990). The power of mathematics: for whom?, in: J. Kenway & S. Willis (Eds) Hearts and minds: self-esteem and the schooling of girls (Lewes: Falmer Press).

Willis, S. (1995) Mathematics: From constructing privilege to deconstructing myths. In J. Gaskell and J. Willinsky (Eds) Gender In/forms Curriculum: From Enrichment to Transformation (New York: Teachers College).

Yelland, N. (1998) Making sense of gender issues in mathematics and technology, in N. Yelland (ed.) Gender in early childhood education (London: Routledge).


Barnes, M. S. (2003). Collaborative learning in senior mathematics classrooms: Issues of gender and power in student-student interactions. Unpublished doctoral thesis, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne.

Bartholomew, H. (2001) Learning environments and student roles in individualised mathematics classrooms. Unpublished PhD thesis thesis, King's College, University of London.

Boaler, J. (1996). Case Studies of Alternative Approaches to Mathematics Teaching: Situated Cognition, Sex and Setting. Unpublished PhD thesis, King's College, London University, London.

Elwood, J. (1998) Gender and performance in the GCE A Level exam: equity and the gold standard. Unpublished PhD thesis thesis, The Institute of Education, University of London.

Forgasz, H. J. (1995). Learning mathematics : Affect, gender and classroom factors. Unpublished PhD thesis, Monash University, Melbourne.

Mendick, H. (2003) Telling Choices: an exploration of the gender imbalance in participation in advanced mathematics courses in England. Unpublished PhD thesis thesis, Goldsmiths College, University of London.

Herzig, A.H. (2002). Sowing Seeds or Pulling Weeds? Doctoral Students Entering and Leaving Mathematics. A dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy (Curriculum and Instruction) at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA.

Picker, S. H. (2000) An Investigation of Lower Secondary Pupils' Images of Mathematics and Mathematicians. Unpublished PhD thesis, Plymouth University.

Povey, H. (1995) Ways of knowing of student and beginning mathematics teachers and their relevance to becoming a teacher working for change. Unpublished PhD thesis, University of Birmingham.

Vale, C. (2001). Gender and computer based mathematics in selected secondary classrooms. Unpublished PhD thesis, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia.


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