There is a widely-recognized demand for an increase in mathematical capacity, in all countries and at all levels. There is a need for mathematicians, for teachers of mathematics, and for researchers and practicing scientists who are knowledgeable about and comfortable with mathematical tools.
At the same time the mathematical science community is losing talented people at all levels. The proportion of women in academic mathematical sciences declines at each successive professional level, beginning with PhD graduates and progressing trough senior faculty and administration.
I believe that an important goal of the mathematical community is to increase the presence of women in mathematics at all levels and that the beneficiaries of the actions will be not women only.
There is evidence that that the actions of departments, academic institutions, other organizations such as professional societies , research institutes, advocacy groups (like Association for Women in Mathematics, European Women in Mathematics and WiM committees within mathematical societies) can make a difference, which proves that that appropriate efforts are necessary and could be effective.